Emergency water sanitation centers have been setup, but one wonders why massive efforts to keep the water supply clean, and educate the population with regards to handwashing, have not been taken early. Of course a major problem is that hundreds of thousands of displaced Haitians are still living in refugee camps. Public health officials suspect that the Artibonite River in Haiti, which thousands of Haitians use for drinking water, is contaminated with cholera and is the source of the current epidemic.
There are certain vaccines available for cholera which potentially could be used in an acute refugee crisis could help to ward off a cholera epidemic.
When looking at the bigger picture, the situation in Haiti still remains dire for the estimated 1.3 million people who live in the tent cities in Port-au-Prince. Women and children are experiencing high levels of violence, such as rape. Many experts have called for increased funding for reconstruction efforts in Haiti, but they have been slow in coming as major donor nations, such as the United States, are only sluggishly authorizing funding.
Much of the damage done by the Haitian earthquake was especially deadly as it toppled poorly constructed buildings. Any reasonable reconstruction effort in Haiti will involve the construction of durable homes which can withstand another earthquake—a real possibility given the fact that not all of the pressure on the fault involved in the 2010 Haiti earthquake has been relieved.